Khutba Summaries

Lifting Up, Reporting, & Weighing of Our Deeds

Deeds
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Description: Two khutbahs talk about the times our deeds are lifted up to Allah, what is reported to Allah, and their weighing on the Day of Judgement.

  1. Allah has created life and death to test how we act and respond in this life. Nothing escapes our Lord’s knowledge, hearing, or sight (Quran 34:3).
  1. Four Names of Allah convey the meaning that He monitors all our movements as well as our inactivity: al-Haseeb, al-Hafeez, ar-Raqeeb, and as-Sahaheed.
  1. Allah has written everything that will happen till the Day of Judgement in al-Lawh al-Mahfuz, the Preserved Tablet (Quran 36:12).
  1. Allah has created angels and charged them with writing our deeds:

“Surely, there are guardians watching over you, noble recorders, who know what you do.” (82:10-12)

  1. Scales will be set (Quran 17:13-14).
  1. Our actions are raised up to Allah twice daily, twice weekly, and once annually:

“The deed done during the day is taken up to Him before the deed done during the night, and the deed done during the night before the deed done during the day.” (Ibn Maja)

“The actions of people are presented twice each week, on Monday and Thursday. and every believing servant would be granted pardon except the one in whose (heart) there is rancor against his brother and it would he said: ‘Leave them and put them off until they are turned to reconciliation.’ (Muslim)

‘That is a month to which people do not pay much attention, between Rajab and Ramadan. It is a month in which the deeds are taken up to the Lord of the worlds, and I like that my deeds be taken up when I am fasting.’ (Nasai)

  1. The Quran tell us of the accuracy of the recording angels (Quran 50:17-18).
  1. What do these angels write?

Hasan al-Basri said,

‘O son of Adam, your scroll has been laid wide open and two noble angels have been commissioned to write. One is on your right and another is on your left. The one on your right writes your good deeds, the one of your left writes your sins, so do as you wish, do more or do less, till you die when your registers will be rolled up and placed around your neck in your grave until you come out of there on the Day of Judgement.’

  1. The angels are described as noble, they are not vicious or wicked, they write without addition or reduction (Quran 58:6, 10:21, 43:80, 54:52, 54:53).
  1. How do these angels react when we do good deeds?

They are so happy that they race with one another to write it down.

Rifa’a says that once the Companions were praying behind the Prophet ﷺ. When he raised his head from bowing, he said, “Sami`a l-lahu liman hamidah.” A man behind him said, “Rabbana wa laka l-hamdu, hamdan kathiran taiyiban mubarakan fihi” (O our Lord! All the praises are for You, many good and blessed praises). When the Prophet ﷺ completed the prayer, he asked, “Who has said these words?” The man replied, “I.” The Prophet ﷺ said, “I saw over 30 angels competing to write it first.” (Bukhari)

  1. What are some of the most amazing easy, good deeds that angels write multiple rewards for?

Making dikr and going early to Friday prayer:

La ilaha il-Allah wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul-mulk wa lahul-hamd wa huwa ala kulli shay-in Qadeer (“There is none worthy of worship except Allah, Alone, without partner, to Him belongs all that exists and to Him belongs the praise, and He is Powerful over all things”) a 100 times in a day – Muslim

By saying: Subhan Allah a hundred times, then 1000 good deeds will be recorded for him or 1000 sins will be blotted out from his record – Muslim

“On every Friday the angels take their stand at every gate of the mosque to write the names of the people chronologically (i.e. according to the time of their arrival for the Friday prayer) and when the Imam sits (on the pulpit) they fold up their scrolls and get ready to listen to the sermon.” (Bukhari)

“Whoever washes and performs ghusl on Friday, goes out early (for Friday prayer), attends the sermon from the beginning, walking, not riding, takes his seat near the imam, listens attentively, and does not indulge in idle talk, he will get the reward of a year’s fasting and praying at night for every step he takes.” (Abu Dawud, Ibn Maja)

  1. What formula do the angels use to write our good and bad stuff?

For good deeds, they write a single good deed every time we intend to do a good deed, but when we actually do a good deed, they do not write one reward, but write multiple rewards for that one good deed!

  1. All the actions, works, worship, and sins of every human being will be weighed on the Day of Judgement on scales (Quran 21:47).
  1. What will be weighed on the Day of Judgement?
  • Actions
  • Scrolls and registers
  • The person himself or herself

As for the aamal, the works, the Prophet said,

“There are two expressions which are very easy for the tongue to say, but they are very heavy in the balance and are very dear to ar-Rahman, and they are, ‘Subhan Allah Al- `Adhim and ‘Subhan Allah wa bihamdihi.’” (Bukhari)

As for the scrolls, a man will come on the Day of Judgement with 99 registers complete with sins. Each scroll will go as far as the eyes can see. They will be placed on one side of the scale. What will be placed on the other side? A small card. Nothing too amazing, but what is written on it will be quite amazing. It will have the kalima written on it. That card will outweigh the 99 registers of sins! (Tirmidhi, Musnad)

The Nabi ﷺ said, “On the Day of Resurrection, a large man will come who will not weigh even the weight of the wing of a mosquito in the sight of Allah” (Bukhari) due to his sins.

  1. Conclusion

The message of Allah’s Names, al-Haseeb, al-Hafeez, ar-Raqeeb, and as-Sahaheed, the message of the angels writing our deeds and reporting them daily, weekly, and yearly to Allah is to hold us responsible, to make us answerable, and to make us morally accountable for our actions.

We control what we do and what is being written in our registers.

We are in command of what is raised up to Allah.

We are in charge of our scrolls that will be unfolded on Yaum al-Qiyama!


Feature Image Credit: Flickr