Khutba Summaries

Surah an – Nisa 116 -112: Reflections on Shirk

Summary of today’s khutba:

Reflections on verses from Surah an-Nisa: “Indeed Allah does not forgive the sin of Shirk, of ascribing partners unto Him, but He forgives all sins besides that for whosoever He wishes. Whoever ascribes a partner unto Allah has indeed strayed far away…” (4:116-122)

  • Shirk is unforgivable sin worse than adultery, murder, and theft
  • Shirk is injustice committed against Allah
  • Meccans acknowledged existence of Allah, but regarded other beings as middle men
  • Our Nabi ﷺ clarified concepts of Tawhid and Shirk
  • We will look at five examples:
  1. Nabi ﷺprohibited performing salah at sunrise, sunset, and when the sun is at it’s zenith because he did not want anyone to think that Muslims worship the sun
  1. Upon sighting the new moon, the Nabi ﷺ used to make du’a to Allah for a peaceful, blessed month:

‘Your Lord and my Lord is Allah.’ (Tirmidhi)

Nabi ﷺ would not raise his hands while reciting the du’a so no one would think he was praying to the moon

  1. The Nabi ﷺ feared the Muslims might not fall into Shirk like the Christians did. That is why he warned the Umma,

‘Do not exaggerate my position as the Christians have done with Jesus, the son of Mary. I am only a slave of Allah and His Messenger, so refer to me as Muhammad, the slave of Allah and His messenger.’ (Bukhari)

  1. Many nations worshiped the graves of their prophets after their death and prostrated to it. Nabi ﷺ warned his Umma,

‘Do not make my grave an idol that is worshipped.’ (Muwatta)

  1. Nabi ﷺ corrected the Sahaba when their speech had any connotation of Shirk. On one occasion, a Sahabi told Rasulullah ﷺ,

‘Whatever Allah wishes and you whatever you wish…’ Nabi ﷺ said, ‘You have made me an equal to Allah. Instead you should say, “Whatever Allah alone wishes.”’ (Nasai)

May Allah open our hearts to Tawhid and protect us from falling into Shirk.


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